Summary of the Theory of Subjectivism

Subjectivism theory asserts that any kind of moral judgement is just one’s own expression of his or her personal opinion on the event or matter at hand. It emphasizes that moral view only express beliefs concerning facts. The reports or beliefs express an individual’s subjective state of mind. As such, the beliefs can be false or true in correspondence to the subjective state of mind at that time. Therefore, a moral judgement is considered true only if it accurately corresponds to an individual’s subjective state of mind. Similarly, a moral judgement is considered false if it inaccurately correspond to the individual’s subjective state of mind. This, therefore, means that there are moral facts which are mind dependent and relate to a particular subjective mind state. For a statement to be viewed as morally right, it must be approved by the person of great interest with a distinct perception (Wiggins & David 20).

As a subjectivist, animal experimentation is legally and extremely moral as far as subjectivism theory is concerned. It provides an alternative to testing when viewed ethically. This is because generally, people would consider it unethical to subject humans to invasive experiments which in most cases involve death. The human lives should not be put in danger when experimenting on potential toxicity or side effects of different medicines. Also, genetic manipulation tests are well monitored when done on animals first to establish their effects before carrying them out on actual humans.

From a different perspective, the animal experimentation is beneficial both ethically and medically to the animals too. The vaccines that have occasionally been conducted on the animals have resulted into curing of serious animal infections. These infections include anthrax, infectious hepatitis, feline leukemia, canine parvovirus and rabies. Most importantly, the vivisection test helped protect endangered species for instance, the black-footed ferret from being extinct (Wiggins & David 27).

Health Care Reflection

As a leader, I am committed to excellence in practice and partner in care through the establishment of cultures of high-quality health care for having inspiring visions that will operate at every level of health care systems. I will ensure that the patient and family care is of high quality. I will also ensure that the objectives are clearly aligned and followed strictly in the provision of primary, secondary and tertiary intervention as well as community-based and population-based care. This paper reflects my commitment to excellence as a leader in practice and partner in care.

I will provide my support as a leader to educate and train all our employees so that they can act on performance improvement of patient and family care. In my medical field, I will identify and standardize the best care practices across the organization. I have also aimed at partnering with highly and trained physicians who will provide excellent health care to our patients. Having a feedback platform from our patients and partners is also part of my strategy.

The primary intervention aims at preventing the occurrence of a disease or an injury while secondary intervention aims at reducing the impact of a disease which has occurred and tertiary intervention aims at softening the consequences of an ongoing injury or disease that has lasting effects (Tulchinsky, & Varavikova, 2014). I will set up a team that will combine the primary, secondary and tertiary interventions to achieve meaningful degrees of disease prevention and protection.

Community and population-based care can be well achieved by establishing community and health care programs (Tulchinsky, & Varavikova, 2014). Through the establishment of these programs, my team will assist in offering education, health care services, training and technical assistance to health care facilities. I shall seek the necessary support from the federal governments or other governing authorities to ensure all the populations and communities access quality health care.

Differences between China and US

Ever since I was young, I heard stories about the excellent education that is offered in the US and it developed the desire to study in this country. The opportunity came years later, when I was offered a place to study in the United States.  However, having been born and raised in China,  studying in the US heralded different uncertainties because of language and cultural differences between the US and China.  These uncertainties were exceptionally high especially at the early stage of my stay when I did not know how to communicate or behave appropriately in this new and entirely different culture.

Language is the most significant difference between China and US; English is the official language in the US, while standard Chinese, a dialect of the Mandarin language is the official language of China (Smith 34).  As a Chinese, I was well-versed in standard Chinese language and could write, speak, read and comprehend the language. Unfortunately, I cannot say the same about the English language.  After getting the opportunity to study in the US, I took English language lessons and attained high scores in TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language), thus had excellent English reading and writing skills. Unfortunately, I found it quite challenging to comprehend English speakers, perhaps due to their pronunciation and accent. Additionally, I experienced various conversational challenges since my pronunciation and sentence structure had a heavy mandarin influence. The inability to fully understand native English speakers took an enormous toll in my studies and affected my participation in class. Conversely, the inability to speak English fluently affected my social life and I could not interact efficiently with English speakers. However, over time, my English communication, and comprehension skills have improved thus reduced challenges.

Besides language, China differs from the US in terms of culture. The Chinese culture expects individuals to treat each other with humility in all aspects of their interactions. In discussions, Chinese people are likely to nod at other peoples’ opinions even though they do not agree with them as a way of showing humility and respect for other people’s opinions. On the contrary, American culture encourages people to defend their ideas, a factor that often leads to confrontations (Hernandez 76). Coming from a culture that encourages humility and respect of other peoples’ ideas and opinions, I sometimes found myself agreeing with other peoples’ opinions even when I knew they were wrong to avoid confrontations. However, I was ridiculed since my humility was perceived as a weakness rather than a virtue by the American culture. However, this is slowly changing and I am learning to defend my opinions in a non-confrontational manner.

Chinese is a collectivist culture; it places significant importance on the wellbeing of a group rather than individual’s wellbeing.  As such, it is common for Chinese people to feel obligated to ask about the welfare of family members of the people they meet. Additionally, there is little privacy concerns in Chinese culture since Chinese people live together in large social circles. Conversely, American culture is highly individualistic and places significant importance on individual wellbeing (Hernandez 65).  Unlike the Chinese culture, the American culture places utmost importance on individual privacy and requires everyone to recognize and respect other people’s privacy.  As a new student, I had difficulties recognizing and respecting privacy a factor that sometimes burst into social conflict. However, with time, I have adjusted and recognized privacy rules even amongst my friends a factor that has promoted my social life.

As noted above, Chinese and American cultures are significantly different from each other in terms of language, communication styles, and privacy laws among others cultural issues. Being born and brought up in China and now studying in US, cultural differences between the two states had a significant influence on my stay. At the start these differences heralded different challenges language that negatively influenced my studies as well as social life. However, with time, I have adjusted and can now interact with Americans despite my Chinese background.